The information below is intended to inform the user about the placement, use and administration of “cookies” used by the site https://uniro.org.
What is a cookie? An “Internet Cookie” (also known as “cookie browser” or “HTTP cookie” or simply “cookie”) is a small file of letters and numbers that will be stored on your computer, other equipment of a user on which the Internet is accessed. The cookie is sent through a request from the web server on which the site is hosted to the user’s browser (Ex: Firefox, Internet Explorer, Chrome, etc.) and is completely “passive” in the sense that does not contain software, viruses or spyware and can not access the information on the user’s hard drive. A cookie consists of two parts: the name and the content or the value of the cookie that is uniquely associated with the domain on which the site is hosted, which sent it to the user’s browser (ex: https: //uniro.org/ ). Moreover, the duration of a cookie is determined and only the webserver that sent the cookie can access it again, and only when the user returns to the site associated with the respective webserver. Cookies do not require personal information to be used and can not personally identify internet users.
There are two main categories of cookies: Session cookies – they are temporarily stored in the web browser’s cookie folder until the user leaves the site or closes the browser window. Persistent cookies – these are stored in your computer or hard drive for a longer period of time and will remain stored after you leave the site or after you close your web browser (and generally depend on the default cookie lifetime). Persistent cookies include those placed on a website other than the one the user is currently visiting – known as “third party cookies” – which can be used anonymously to store a user’s interests so that advertising is delivered as relevant as possible to the user.
The advantages of cookies: A cookie contains information linking a browser (user) and a specific web-server (site). If a browser accesses that web-server again, it can read the already stored information and react accordingly. Cookies provide users with a good browsing experience and support the efforts of websites to provide user-friendly services. Examples – online privacy preferences, site language options, or relevant advertising, etc.
The life of a cookie: Cookies are managed by web servers. The life of a cookie may vary significantly, depending on the purpose for which it is placed. Some cookies are used only in one session (“session cookies”) and are not retained after the user leaves the site, and some cookies are retained and reused whenever the user returns to that site (” permanent cookies “). However, cookies can be deleted by the user at any time through browser settings.
Using cookies by uniro.org
Visiting this site may place cookies for:
- Performance cookies
- Visitor analysis cookies
- Recording or authentication cookies
- Cookies of third parties
- Performance cookies – This type of cookie retains the user’s preferences on this website, so they no longer need to be set at every site visit. Ex: Volume settings for video player.
- Visitor Analysis Cookies – Whenever a user visits this site, analytics provided by a third party generates a cookie for user counting. This cookie tells us if you’ve visited this website so far. The browser tells if this cookie exists, and if not, one is generated. This allows monitoring unique users who visit the website and how often they do it. This cookie can not be used to identify individuals, they are used for statistical purposes only.
- Cookies for registration or login – When you sign up or log on this website, a cookie is generated that tells us if you are registered or not. Our server uses these cookies to identify the account with which you are registered and whether you have the necessary permissions for a certain service or for access to certain sections of the website. It also allows you to associate the comments you post on the site with your account username.
If you did not select the “keep me logged in” option, this cookie will be automatically deleted when you close your browser or computer. Third-party cookies On some pages, third parties can set up their own anonymous cookies in order to track the success of an ad / application or customize an application. Because of its use, this site can not access these cookies, just as third parties can not access cookies owned by this site. For example, when you share an article using the social network buttons on this site, the social network will record your action.
Online advertising that belongs to third parties. Some of them use their own anonymous cookies to analyze how many people viewed an ad, or to see how many people viewed the same ad several times. The companies that generate these cookies have their own privacy policies, and this website does not have access to these cookies. Third-party cookies are used to show targeted advertising on other sites, based on your browsing on this site.
The type of information stored and accessed through cookies: Cookies keep information in a small text file that allows a website to recognize a browser. The web server will recognize the browser until the cookie expires or is deleted. The cookie stores important information that enhances Internet browsing experience. Ex: language settings for accessing a site, keeping a user logged in to a member account or mail account, online security, keeping and memorizing settings, etc.
The Importance of Cookies for the Internet: Cookies are the central focus of the efficient Internet, helping to generate a friendly browsing experience, tailored to the preferences and interests of each user. Denying or disabling cookies can make some websites unusable. Refusing or disabling cookies does not mean you will not receive online advertising anymore, but it will not be able to keep track of your preferences and interests highlighted by your browsing behavior.
Examples of important uses of cookies (which do not require authentication of a user through an account):
- Content and services tailored to user preferences – news categories, weather, sports, maps, public and government services, entertainment sites and travel services.
- Offers tailored to the interests of users – retaining passwords, language preferences (eg display of Romanian search results).
- Retrieve child protection filters for Internet content (family mode options, safe search functions).
- Limit the frequency of ad serving – limit the number of times an ad is displayed for a particular user on a site.
- Providing relevant advertising for the user.
- Measurement, optimization, and analytics features – such as confirming a certain level of traffic on a site, what kind of content is viewed more, and how a user arrives on the site (eg through search engines, directly from other websites etc.). Websites carry out these analyzes of their use to improve for the benefit of the user.
Security and confidentiality issues: Cookies are NOT Viruses! They use a plain text format. They are not made up of pieces of code, so they can not be executed and can not run. Consequently, they can not duplicate or replicate on other networks to run or replicate again. Because they can not perform these functions, they can not be considered viruses. Cookies can still be used for negative purposes. Because it stores information about user preferences and browsing history, both on a particular website and on several websites, cookies can be used as a form of spyware. Many anti-spyware products are aware of this and consistently mark cookies to be deleted in anti-virus / anti-spyware removal / scanning procedures. In general, browsers have built-in privacy settings that provide different levels of cookie acceptance, shelf life, and automatic deletion after the user has visited a particular site.
Other security issues related to cookies: Since identity protection is very important and it is the right of every Internet user, it is important to know what are the possible issues with cookies. Because they transmit constant information in both ways between the browser and the website, if an attacker or unauthorized person interferes with the data transmission path, the information contained in the cookie can be intercepted. Although very rare, this can happen if the browser connects to the server using an unencrypted network (Ex: an unsecured Wi-Fi network). Other cookie-based attacks involve bad cookie settings on the servers. If a website does not require the browser to use encrypted channels, attackers can use this vulnerability to prevent browsers from sending information through unsecured channels. Attackers then use the information in order to access unauthorized sites. It is very important to be careful in choosing the most appropriate method of protecting personal information.
Here are a few tips that can help you navigate without worries with cookies:
- Customize your browser settings for cookies to set a comfortable level of security.
- If you do not mind cookies and you are the only person using your computer, you can set long expiration dates to store your browsing history and personal access data.
- If you share access to your computer, you can consider the browser setting to delete individual browsing data each time you close your browser, it is the option to access sites that place cookies and delete any visitor information when you close navigation session.
- Install and constantly update your antispyware applications. Many of the applications for detecting and preventing spyware include detecting attacks on sites. This prevents your browser from accessing sites that could exploit browser vulnerabilities or download dangerous software.
- Make sure your browser is always updated (updated). Most of the cookies attacks are exploited by exploiting the weaknesses of older versions of browsers.
Cookies are everywhere and can not be avoided if you want to enjoy access to the best and greatest websites on the Internet, local or international. With a clear understanding of how they work and the benefits they bring, you can take the necessary security measures so you can browse with confidence on the internet.
Disabling cookies: Disabling and refusing to receive cookies can make some websites unfeasible or difficult to visit and use. Also, refusing to accept cookies does not mean you will not receive or see online advertising anymore. It is possible to set the browser so that these cookies are no longer supported or you can set the browser to accept cookies only from a particular website. But for example, if you are not registered using cookies, you will not be able to leave comments. All modern browsers offer the ability to change cookie settings. These settings are usually found in the Browser’s “Options” or “Preferences” menu or you can use the browser’s “Help” option for more details.